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By Allexia D

What You Need To Know About Scoliosis

What You Need To Know About Scoliosis

Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine; a normal spine usually extends in a straight line down the back, whereas an abnormal spine curves in an S or C shape. According to the National Scoliosis Foundation, scoliosis affects 1 in 40 people in the U.S. Most cases aren't severe, but in some, if the degree of curvature is severe enough, it can cause further deformities along with other health problems.

Most forms of scoliosis are idiopathic

Scoliosis can be broken down into two groups: nonstructural and structural (idiopathic). According to, structural scoliosis is defined as: A fixed lateral (sideways) curve of the spine. Nonstructural scoliosis is a structurally normal spine that appears to have a lateral curve. In other words, the spine functions normally but appears to have a slight curve.

While numerous studies have been done, scientists are still unable to determine the cause of most cases of scoliosis. According to scoliosis media, 85 percent of cases are idiopathic, which means origin unknown. Diseases such as osteoporosis can also cause deformities of the spine. People who have a family history of scoliosis have an increased risk of also developing the condition. According to Advanced Spinal Rehab Center, scientists show that some scoliosis disorders can develop from certain dysfunctions within the central nervous system.

Scoliosis affects both boys and girls the same

According to LE Michaels, girls and boys are both affected equally in certain cases. Girls, however, are more likely than boys to suffer from curvatures over 21 degrees. Girls are also more likely to have their curves worsen and require medical care.

Exercise cannot fix the degree of the curve

Scoliosis cannot be cured by exercise. The most common method of treatment for scoliosis is wearing a brace. Using a brace helps support the spine and slow progression. In severe cases surgery, such as spinal fusion, may be required. Even with all the new progressive procedures used to treat scoliosis, there is no cure. These methods are used to slow or stop progression of spinal curvature. However, these treatments may include some form of exercise from a trainer or therapist who specializes in corrective treatments.

Scoliosis can cause health problems

In very severe cases of scoliosis, meaning a curve of 60 degrees or more, can cause serious health problems over time, including heart and lung disease. According to "Advanced Spinal Rehab Center," heart and lung challenges are the most common causes of death for victims of scoliosis.

Scoliosis is not preventable and it can happen to anyone

Unfortunately, there is no way of preventing scoliosis from happening; anyone at any age can suffer from this disorder. The most common type (Adolescent Idiopathic) affects children between the ages of 10 and 15. In some states it is a requirement that children be tested for scoliosis during regular school hours. The procedure doesn't last very long and is very simple. However it is still important to take a few precautions, including speaking with a doctor if you have any questions or concerns about finding the best scoliosis treatment.

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